Know the signs of heat stroke and heat exhaustion as record-breaking temps grip the U.S.

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Know the signs of heat stroke and heat exhaustion as record-breaking temps grip the U.S.

Much of the US It is preparing for a scorching heat wave with record high temperatures expected in at least 14 different states. In some areas, the heat has already proven to be deadly. Maryland authorities say two people suffered heat-related deaths this week.

Dr. Tara Narula of CBS News told “CBS This Morning” that people should be alert to a series of symptoms that indicate heat-related illnesses, such as heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke.

In extreme heat, our body’s protective control system can be overwhelmed, explained Narula, which puts our core temperature at risk of going up without any control.

“Then, the heat stroke is when your core temperature is 104 or higher and you start to have a dysfunction of the central nervous system.” At those higher temperatures, basically, your cells begin to break down, your bowel becomes leaky, runs risk of muscle damage, kidney, liver, brain damage and even heart damage, “said Narula.

If you see someone who believes you have a heat-related illness, Narula said you should call 911 and begin to cool your body temperature by any means necessary.

“And this is a real medical emergency, so if you see someone suffering, call 911 and start to cool it down with whatever mechanism you can, put them in a cold bath, put sponges or cold blankets on them, really try to get their temperature up to 101 or 102 “.

Heat cramp warning signs

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea

Heat exhaustion warning signs

  • Sweating
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting

Heat stroke warning signs

  • Sweating
  • Spasms
  • Pain